One of the most popular parking lot paving materials is asphalt. According to the National Asphalt Pavement Association, about 94% of all paved areas in the United States are paved with asphalt. Of course, before you get to the parking lot paving, you must design the intended area. Designing a parking lot requires careful planning to ensure optimal use, so here's some insight into how the process occurs.
1. Consider the Needs of the Project
The first thing you should do when you're considering the design factors of the parking lot is to ensure that you understand the scope of the project. For example, how many vehicles are expected to use the parking lot, what are the traffic patterns like, and are there any specific rules in place that govern what a parking lot should contain? To elaborate, most local laws require a certain number of handicapped spots and clear markings for parking lots.
You'll need to consider the size and layout of the property before you start designing the parking lot or considering the parking lot paving materials. The goal with any parking lot design is to make the most of the property that is available and ensure safety and ease of access. The design must consider how much traffic is expected in the parking lot.
2. Safety is Essential
When considering parking lot design, safety should be at the forefront of the design. You not only have to consider the safety of the vehicles entering and exiting, but you also must consider pedestrian safety. When deliberating design elements to incorporate into the parking lot, consider lighting, brightly marked crosswalks, and clear signage providing direction.
Consider incorporating speed bumps and other safety measures to control the speed of vehicles using the parking lot. Pavement markings indicating traffic flow are also a safety measure that should be included in the parking lot design. Safety features should be a priority in the design to ensure safe use and reduce property owner liability.
3. Consider Drainage
Drainage of the parking lot needs to be considered. Evaluating the natural slope of the property can help with the design. It's essential that drainage is involved in the design to ensure the longevity of the parking lot paving material. Sitting water can prematurely age these materials. Incorporating drainage structures into the design can help to offset drainage problems.
It's essential that steps to encourage drainage are included in the design. A civil engineer or a drainage expert could help with this leg of the design process. It's a very important step in the process and should not be overlooked.
4. Choosing Your Materials
Parking lot paving materials are vital in parking lot design. Most parking lots use asphalt as the paving material because of its longevity and easy maintenance. Asphalt is a durable substance that can easily withstand wear and tear and elements. Repairs are easier, maintenance is simpler, and the cost can be less expensive than other materials.
Working with an experienced, qualified asphalt contractor will simplify this part of the project. The contractor can advise you about the thickness of the material needed and other pertinent factors to help you make an informed decision. Our local contractor will understand climate demands and other factors that must be considered when applying the pavement.
5. Apply for Permits
The final part of the parking lot design is to apply for and receive the construction permits. Every locality has different requirements for applying for and receiving a permit. However, in almost every case, an inspection will be required. An inspector from your local building permit department will evaluate the site, check your design, and request any changes that are needed before the permit is issued.
These permits can take some time. It can be frustrating to wait for the permit, but you shouldn't allow work to start until you have it. There can be severe penalties for starting any construction project, including a parking lot project, without a permit. Remember to be patient during this step and understand that going through the proper channels is necessary unless you want to pay fines.
Designing a parking lot is no easy feat. It requires a lot of planning and consideration. Make the project easier by hiring a team of experts to help move the project along. Local parking lot paving contractors can bring a wealth of expertise to the project. Get the support you need to create the perfect parking lot. The right expertise will make a difference in the project outcome. Call A-One Asphalt Paving LLC today to learn more about parking lot design and parking lot paving materials.